Month: February 2017

The Extraction and Separation Phases of Oil and Gas Production

LR Commercial Construction, Inc pic
LR Commercial Construction, Inc
Image: lrpipeline.com

Bert Vandiver is a Waco, Texas, entrepreneur who guides LR Commercial Construction, Inc., and provides a host of solutions in the civil and pipeline building spheres. Bert Vandiver has extensive experience in all aspects of oil field production and in best practices for oil and gas drilling.

Prior to the era of kerosene, hydrocarbons were considered an unwanted byproduct that sometimes appeared when drilling for water and caused issues of flammability. This all changed in the 19th century with Edwin Drake, who created a system for extracting and distilling oil, in the process supplanting the market for whale-derived lighting oil.

Today, fossil fuel extraction has progressed considerably. It now involves a complex series of steps that include separation and stabilization, storage, transportation, distribution, and waste disposal. The methods used for extraction differ markedly depending on whether gas or liquid is in play. Oil wells typically have beam pumps that work to draw up liquid substances that would not emerge from underground on their own.

By contrast, gas wells involve gasses that will often emerge simply by being released from underground pressure and are thus outfitted with ”Christmas tree” wellheads that capture escaping gasses. What comes directly after extraction is separation, with specialized equipment used to separate gas from its condensed liquid components.

It is critical to remove water from the hydrocarbons as soon as possible, as a way avoiding rust, freezing damage, and unwanted compound formation. One common way of accomplishing this is through the use of a glycol dehydrator, which helps prepare the hydrocarbon for further refining.